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The Evolution of the Formation of the USA Strategy towards Central Asia

Author (s)

Akhmedov Farrukh Abdusalomovich

Abstract

The article dwells on the formation and development of USA foreign policy towards Central Asian countries, in particular, “Heartland” conception, “deterrence” theory, “Rimland” conception, “Marine force” theory. The USA role in disintegration of the Soviet Union is exposed. The author substantiates the inference that strategic imperatives of the USA foreign policy towards CA weren’t subjected to special changes for the entire postbipolar period excluding revisional correction of doctrines determining the USA strategy in CA with permanently altering international political situation being taken into account. Advantageous geolocation and availability of rich deposits of hydrocarbons in Central Asian region are underscored as well, as these fact make it an object of geopolitical interests on the part of global actors who exert direct influence over political processes inside the region while realizing their doctrines and strategic purposes.

Keywords

TheUnited States of America, Central Asia, the Westphalia System, strategic imperatives of USA, “Hartland” conception, “deterrence” theory, “Rimland” conception”, “Marine Force” theory

References

1.                  Utkin A. Bush’s Doctrine: Conception which Divided America // [Electronic Resource] URL: http://www.globalaffairs.ru/number/n_5457

2.                  MacKinder H. Dj. Geographic Axis of History // Polis, 1951. – pp. 30-44.

3.                  Murat Laumulin “U.S. Strategy and policy in Central Asia”//Central Asia and the Caucasus//No. 4(46), 2007, p.47-49.

4.                  The National Security Strategy of the United States of America – September 2002 [Электронный ресурс] URL: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/63562.pdf

Jarkyn Smanchina “U.S. foreign policy toward CA: 1991-2001”. - р. 37.

Publication date

Tuesday, 23 April 2019

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