The articles is focussed on the most important phenomenon of the socio-political life of the Muslim world during the second half of the XIX-th – the beginning of the XXI-th centuries, an evolution of ulama’s status as the religious authority. The author shows the reasons of emergence of the «new Muslim intelligentsia» as ulama’s adversaries, as a contemporary spiral of the development of Muslim legal idea interpreted as a return to the classical sources. If the first-priority trend of Islamic discourse in the beginning of the ХХ th c. was a necessity to form a civilized reply to the West, since 1960s its focus was shifted towards a solution of the problems of social development of Muslim states themselves, and since 1980s the agenda was completed with the issues of Islamic constitutionalism. The author elicited the determinants of formation in regard to the brightest phenomenon of contemporary Islamic religious-political life, that of «new Islam», societal phenomenon whose theological constituent is of instrumental character.
determinant, ulama, shariat, discourse, «new Islamic intelligentsia», «new Islam»
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